CoordinatorsCoordinators connect elements of equal importance.

S + V , but

S + V

(and, but, so, or, nor, for*, yet)

S + V and V

S and S + V

N and N

Adj. and Adj.

Phrase and Phrase

Can be used in a series: A, B, C, or D

SubordinatorsSubordinators connect elements of unequal importance. One clause is not as strong as the other.

S + V although S + V


(although, even though, because, since*, when, while, before*, after*, whenever, wherever*, if, unless, whether…[or not] as, as [adjective] as, so that, whereas anywhere*, anytime*)


Although S + V , S + V

Sentence Connectors

Sentence Connectors connect paragraphs or show relationship between very different ideas.

S + V . However, S + V


(however, therefore, thus, moreover,
nevertheless, first*, then*, next*, still*
besides, consequently, furthermore)


S + V ; however, S + V

PrepositionsPrepositions show relationship among elements of a sentence.
They are followed by noun phrases only and cannot take on a S + V.

S + V (prep. phrase)


(during, after*, before*, in, on, at

despite, in spite of, for*, since*, by

(Prep. phrase), S + V

like, except, but*, about, to*, from
between [A and B], among, with

(Prep. phrase) V + S (unusual)

within, without, beside, near, next to)


    * These words have more than one function.

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