Coordinators (and, but, so, or, nor, for*, yet*) connect elements of equal importance.

S + V , but S + V

S + V and V

S or S + V

N and N

Adj. and Adj.

Phrase and Phrase

Can be used in a series: A, B, C, or D

(A comma is normally used.)

(No comma is necessary.)


He drinks coffee, but she drinks tea. (S + V , coordinator S +V)

Gary lives in Ohio, and Deana lives in Michigan.

She loves to dance, so she bought a studio.

You could buy a car, or you could put the money in the bank.

When there is a new subject and verb, a comma is used before (not after) the coordinator.

I hate to sing but, I love to dance. (Incorrect)

I hate to sing, but I love to dance. (Correct)

John and George both play football.

Paul listens to music and reads books.

John, Paul, George, and Harry are classmates.

(two subjects)

(two verbs)


*For is also commonly used as a preposition. Yet can sometimes be used as an adverb.


If you have questions or comments about this page, please contact us.

ESL Videos to help you speak English CEO Interview

Verb List


Learning Basic Sentence Structure

Conjunctions & Linking Words


English Greetings & Phrases

English Pronunciation

English – Introductions

Rosetta Stone – English

Speak English as a Second Language

Learning English – Lesson One