Types of Subjects and Objects

Types of Subjects and Objects


 

Single words

Article + Noun

Adjective(s) + Noun

Noun + relative clause

Gerunds

Infinitives

Noun clauses

Dogs, water, Jeffery

The teacher, a cat, some ice

A big, black spider

The man who lives there

Skiing

To sing

Whatever you do

   

Functions

As Subjects





As Objects




As Complements

A dog is a man’s best friend.

Whatever you do is up to you.

Skiing is believing.


He ate ten apples.

I like to eat.


Mr. Trump is my friend.

That is the man (whom) I told you about.

As Objects of prepositions*

I don’t approve of John.

I don’t approve of singing.

I don’t approve of John’s singing.

I don’t approve of John’s singing love songs.

I don’t approve of whatever John does.

(the person)

(the action)

(gerund’s subject is possessive)

(S gerund Obj.)

(noun clause)

*Be careful. Only gerunds (not infinitives) can be used as objects of prepositions.

I look forward to Spring.

I look forward to your party.

I look forward to seeing you.

Prep. + Object

Prep. + Object

Prep. + Gerund

(In this case, “to” is a preposition, not part of an infinitive.)

I want to see you.

I hope to see you.

I enjoy seeing you.

I avoid seeing you.

I’m interested in seeing you.

I’m tired of seeing you.

I am accustomed to seeing you.

S V to V (infinitive)

 

S V Ving (gerund)

 

Prep + gerund


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English – Introductions

Rosetta Stone – English

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Learning English – Lesson One