Hope Wish

ESL gold Flash Cards


Wish is most commonly used in hypothetical (or imagined) situations:

  • I wish that I had a dog. (I don’t really have a dog, but if I did, I would be happy.)
  • I wish (that) you were here. (Unfortunately, you’re not, and I miss you.)

Sometimes wish is used in greeting and expressions of goodwill:

  • We wish you a “Merry Christmas.”
    They wished him “Happy Birthday.”
  • Wish me luck.(S V IO DO)

Hope can also be used in expressions of goodwill, but the grammar is slightly different:


I hope (that) you have a Merry Christmas.

I hope (that) you had a nice Birthday.

(some time in the future)

(some time in the past)


Hope can be used to specify a desired outcome. For future hopes, the possibilities remain open, but for past hopes, the outcome has usually been determined already.

I hope you can come to the party on Saturday.

I was hoping that you would come to the party.

I had hoped to see you at the party on Saturday.

I hope to get an A on the exam.

I hope it doesn’t rain tomorrow.

He hopes to be elected President.

She hoped you wouldn’t find her.

(future possibility)

(but you didn’t make it)

(but I didn’t)

(it is still possible)

(although it might)

(it could happen)

(but you probably did)

Wish and hope are also used in certain types of requests and pleasantries. In such situations, wish carries a more definite and formal tone.

  • I wish to see the doctor.
  • I hope to see you again.

(right now)
(anytime in the future)
If you have questions or comments about this page, please contact us.
ESL Videos to help you speak English

ESLgold.com CEO Interview

Verb List


English Greetings & Phrases

English Pronunciation

English – Introductions

Rosetta Stone – English

Speak English as a Second Language

Learning English – Lesson One