Simple Modals

Click for Audio

Suggested words:

Will (in future tense) I will be there.
(in requests) Will you do it for me?
Won’t (negative of will) No, I won’t.
Can (to indicate ability) I can do it.
(in requests) Can you help me?
(informally to ask permission) Can I use your phone?
Can’t (negative form of can) No, you can’t.
May (to indicate possibility) I may go to New York.
(to ask permission) May I help you?
Could (to indicate past ability) He could play cards well.
(to indicate possibility) I could give you a ride.
(in requests) Could you open the door please?
(to ask permission) Could I use your restroom?
Couldn’t (negative past tense) I couldn’t help it.
Should (to express obligation) I should go to the wedding.
(to conjecture) He should be in Miami by now.
Shouldn’t (negative suggestions) You shouldn’t do that.

See also :

Grammar : Basic Modals