Conjunctions and Linking Words
Coordinators connect elements of equal importance.
|S + V , but
S + V
|(and, but, so, or, nor, for*, yet)|
S + V and V
S and S + V
N and N
Adj. and Adj.
Phrase and Phrase
Can be used in a series: A, B, C, or D
Subordinators connect elements of unequal importance. One clause is not as strong as the other.
S + V although S + V
|(although, even though, because, since*, when, while, before*, after*, whenever, wherever*, if, unless, whether…[or not] as, as [adjective] as, so that, whereas anywhere*, anytime*)|
Although S + V , S + V
Sentence Connectors connect paragraphs or show relationship between very different ideas.
S + V . However, S + V
|(however, therefore, thus, moreover,
nevertheless, first*, then*, next*, still*
besides, consequently, furthermore)
S + V ; however, S + V
Prepositions show relationship among elements of a sentence.
They are followed by noun phrases only and cannot take on a S + V.
S + V (prep. phrase)
|(during, after*, before*, in, on, at|
|despite, in spite of, for*, since*, by|
(Prep. phrase), S + V
|like, except, but*, about, to*, from|
|between [A and B], among, with|
(Prep. phrase) V + S (unusual)
|within, without, beside, near, next to)|
* These words have more than one function.