Indirect Objects can be used in several ways.
- Give some money to John.
- Give some money to him.
- Give it to John.
- Give it to him.
- Give John some money.
- Give him some money.
- Give John it. (not common)
- Give him it. (not common)
(In some very informal situations, you may hear people use this one.
Example: angry mother to child: Give me it right now!!)
Note the following:
|Lend me some money.||Lend some money to me.|
|Bring me a cup of coffee.||Bring a cup of coffee to me.|
|Get me a cup of coffee.||Get a cup of coffee for me.|
|Make me a cup of coffee.||Make a cup of coffee for me.|
|Ask him a question.||Ask a question of him.|
|Tell her a story.||Tell a story to her.|
|Let me do it.||Allow me to do it.|
|Help me do it.||Help me with it.|
|Do it for me.||Have him do it.|
|Expect him to do it.||Make him do it.|
|Force him to do it.||Ask her to do it.|
|Tell her to do it.||Tell a story to her. (Request)|
|Tell her to do it. (Command)|
Direct Object and Indirect Object Patterns
|Pattern A||Pattern B||Pattern C|
|I gave him an apple.||I gave an apple to him.||I bought a car for her.|
|I bought her a car.||I opened the door for her.|
|I asked him a question.||I explained it to him.|
Pattern A and B
- write, read, show, teach, tell, sell, send, lend, bring, take, pass, give
Pattern A and C
- buy, get, make, find, do, bake, cash, save
Pattern A only
- ask, cost, charge, wish
Pattern B only
- explain, announce, describe, introduce, mention, prove, repeat, say, speak, report
(When used with for, has the meaning of “on behalf of”)
Pattern C only
- open, answer, close, change, pronounce, prescribe
None of the patterns
- eat, sleep, talk, walk, and most other verbs
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