Most can be followed directly by a noun or by the phrase “of the.”
However, it cannot be followed by “of” or “the” alone.
Almost* is usually followed by a number or quantifier (90%, all).
The quantifier can be followed by the phrase “of the,” but not “of” or “the” alone.
|XX||Most of Koreans live in Asia. (Wrong!)|
|OK||Most Koreans live in Asia. (The majority of the world’s Korean people.)|
|OK||Most of the Koreans in this class are male. (Only those in the class.)|
|XX||Almost Japanese people eat rice. (Wrong!?)|
|OK||Almost all Japanese (people) eat rice.|
|XX||Almost of Japanese students like sushi. (Wrong!)|
|OK||Almost all of the Japanese (in this class) like sushi.|
*Almost means “not completely” and can also be used before verbs and adverbs.
He almost finished his homework.
We’re almost there!