Conditional sentences express a choice and the possible consequences of that choice.
There are three types of conditional sentences: Real, Unreal and Unreal Past.
The first type is the easiest to learn. It involves a present choice and a future consequence.
- If you drive north for three miles, you will get to Columbus.
- If he doesn’t exercise, Fred will gain weight.
- If you purchase a raffle ticket, you might win a car.
Real conditional sentences contain two parts, the if clause, and the result clause.
The if clause indicates the choice and is expressed in present tense.
It indicates a choice and can be either positive or negative. If statements can also imply the opposite choice and result.
|If you study hard you will pass the test.||(Choice and possible result)|
|If you don’t study hard, you could fail.||(Implied opposite choice and result.|
The result clause indicates the consequence or possible consequence, and is expressed in future tense or with modals can, could or might.
|If clause||Result clause|
|If you eat your spinach,||you will grow stronger.|
|If I quit my job,||I can spend more time with the kids.|
|If Troy moves to Hollywood,||he might become a movie star.|
Textbook Recommendation : Touchy Situations, Chapter 11
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