Relative clauses give more information about a subject or object.
They usually follow and “agree” with the noun they modify and often occur between a Subject and Verb.
However, they usually have no effect on the S + V relationship.
- The man who works at IBM comes from Hong Kong.
- The house that Jack built remains empty.
- The people who came to the party had a great time.
- Those who arrive early are entitled to a rebate.
- I ate an apple that had a worm in it.
- She is the one who I told you about.
- The man who lives over there is my uncle.
- One of the men who lives over there is my uncle.
- Only one of the people who work in the company is qualified.
Most relative clauses use the words who, whom, whose, which, that, when or where.
- This is the place where I met my wife.
|Paul is the man who loves Mary.
Simon is the man who(m) Mary loves.
Commas which set off relative clauses function like parentheses ( ) indicating non-essential information.
- My wife, who is a doctor, works at Community Hospital.
- My wife (who is a doctor) works at Community Hospital.
Without commas, relative clauses specify one member of a group:
- My brother who is a scientist works at the university.
- My brother who is a mechanic works at Bob’s Garage.
Specifies “which brother” (one of many)
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