What can be the subject of a sentence?
|Jonathan loves chocolates.|
|Mrs. Smith lives next door to the barber shop.|
|The yellow dog makes me nervous.|
|Crocodiles are very dangerous|
|It isn’t time yet.|
|They went to sleep at 9:00.|
|Are you coming to the dance?|
Words like everyone, everybody, everything, something, anybody, nothing, no one.
|Everything is ready.|
|Is everyone here?|
|Is anybody home?|
|Quantifiers with nouns/pronouns||Quantifiers without nouns/pronouns|
|Some of the pie was gone.||Some (count) are here. Some (non-count) is not.|
|Some of the pies were gone.||All is well. All are watching.|
|Both of them are in the foyer.||Both are correct. (as a group)|
|Neither of them is in the foyer.||Neither is correct. (separately)|
|None of those people are nice.||(all of them are not nice)|
|None of those people is my friend.||(not any individual)|
|Whoever left the food on the table is in trouble.|
|What you say is not important.|
|How you do it is up to you.|
|There are five people in the room.|
|There is some milk in the refrigerator.|
In most cases, the words before the verb are the subject of the sentence.
|It is just the three of us.|
|The three of us are going to be there.|
Prepositional phrases cannot be subjects, even if they come at the beginning of a sentence.
On the table was a red hat,On the table were a red hat, white gloves and a blue scarf.
Some words look plural but are actually singular:
|Physics is my favorite subject.|
|The news was good.|
|Scotch and soda is my favorite drink. (This is very uncommon usage.)|
|My faithful friend and companion is Terry.|
Mass or “group” nouns may be singular or plural, depending on focus.
|The family is more important than the individual.|
|The family are going in separate directions.|
With either/neither…or/nor, the subject closest to the verb determines agreement.
|Neither John nor Jane was the winner.|
|Either the men or the women are going to take the cake.|
|Neither Mr. Jones nor his sons have a car.|
|Neither the boys nor their father has a car.|
Some can sometimes be used to indicate an unidentified person.
|Some woman was here to see you.|
|Some guy keeps calling you.|
Relative clauses do not affect the main subject-verb relationship; however, S-V agreement within the relative clause may be different, depending on the meaning.
|The people who live there are my friends.|
|The house that the Jacksons built need to be remodeled.|
|One of the men who live there is deranged. He is the only one who lives there.|
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