Plurals and Nationalities
For reference, see Nationalities.
Why do we say Italians, but we say Vietnamese, not Vietnameses
|The Russians are here. *||The Chinese are here. *|
|The Koreans are here.||The Japanese are here.|
|The Americans are here.||The British are here.|
|The Italians are here.||The Swiss are here.|
|The New Zealanders are here.||The French are here.|
|The Pakistanis are here.||The Portuguese are here.|
It’s mostly phonetic. That is, it depends on the final sound of the word.
|Words ending in:||Words ending in:|
|-an, -ian, -er, -i||-ese, -ish, -iss, -ch|
|require and “s” in the plural||do not change|
Languages (no article)
|Russian is easy.||Chinese is easy.|
|Korean is easy.||Japanese is easy.|
|Italian is easy.||French is easy.|
|Russians are friendly.||The Chinese are friendly|
|Koreans are friendly.||The Chinese people are friendly|
|New Zealanders are friendly.||The Japanese are friendly|
|Japanese people are friendly.|
|The French are friendly.|
|Frenchmen are friendly.|
*If you are talking about a specific group (of Russians, etc.), the article the must be used.Most of the Italians (in this class) are female.
Most of the Japanese (in the restaurant) are from Kyoto.
**If you are talking generally, no article or preposition is needed.
With s: Most Americans speak English. Not: Most of Americans
No s: Most Vietnamese live in Asia. Not: Most of Vietnamese